Choose and use these kitchen tools and tips every time you prepare food to help prevent food poisoning.
- Wash your hands for 20 secondswith soap and running water. Scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before Germs can spread from the outside to the inside of fresh produce as you cut or peel.
- Do not wash raw meat, poultry, or eggs. Washing these foods can actually spread germs because juices may splash onto your sink or counters.
Cutting board and utensils
- Use separate cutting boards, plates, and knives for produce and for raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs.
- Clean with hot, soapy water or in dishwasher (if dishwasher-safe) after each use.
- Use a food thermometer to make sure food cooked in the oven or on the stove top or grill reaches a temperature hot enough to kill germs.
- Safe minimum cooking temperatures:
- All poultry, including ground: 165°F
- Ground beef, pork, lamb, and veal: 160°F
- Beef, pork, lamb, and veal chops, roasts, and steaks: 145°F
- Fish: 145°F
- Know your microwave’s wattage. Lower wattage means longer cooking time.
- Follow recommended cooking and standing times to allow for additional cooking after microwaving stops. Letting food sit for a few minutes after microwaving allows cold spots to absorb heat from hotter areas and cook more completely.
- When reheating, use a food thermometer to make sure that microwaved food reaches 165°F.
- Keep your refrigerator between 40˚Fand 32˚F, and your freezer at 0˚F or below.
- Refrigerate fruits, vegetables, milk, eggs, and meats within 2 hours. (Refrigerate within1 hour if the temperature outside is above 90ºF.)
- Divide warm foods into several clean, shallow containers so they will chill faster.
- Store raw meat on the bottom shelf, away from fresh produce and ready-to-eat food.
- Throw out foods left unrefrigerated for over 2 hours.
- Thaw or marinate foods in the refrigerator.
Computer or mobile devices
- Look for more tips to keep food safe at gov/foodsafetyand foodsafety.gov.
- Stay up to date on food recalls at gov/recalls.
This article is courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For more information on food safety, visit the CDC website at https://www.cdc.gov/features/food-safety-smarts/index.html.